Musée de la Poste

It's in the Post (Office Museum)

December 18, 2019By Heidi EllisonMuseums
Stamp featuring a painting by Joan Miró (1974). © Adagp, Paris, 2019 © Musée de La Poste-La Poste, 2019
Stamp featuring a painting by Joan Miró (1974). © Adagp, Paris, 2019 © Musée de La Poste-La Poste, 2019

Paris’s newly renovated Musée de la Poste (Post Office Museum) is far more than just heaven for philatelists (although it certainly is that, with examples of every stamp ever produced in France: 5,300 of them since 1849). In the tradition of other great French museums devoted to a specific field, like the Monnaie de Paris (recently renovated) and Musée de la Marine (closed for renovation), it offers everything you ever wanted to know about the French Post Office but didn’t think to ask. And it does it in a very entertaining fashion.

Facade of the Musée de La Poste; sculpture by Robert Jouvin, 2019. © Musée de La Poste–La Poste/Thierry Débonnaire, 2018
Facade of the Musée de La Poste; sculpture by Robert Jouvin, 2019. © Musée de La Poste–La Poste/Thierry Débonnaire, 2018

The interior of the brutalist (yet pleasing to look at) building, located next to the Gare de Montparnasse, dating from 1973, has been completely redesigned and reorganized “to let the light in,” by the firm Jung Architectures and is now eco-friendly. On the facade are sculptures by Robert Juvin that are meant to evoke postage stamps.

The museum now has three exhibition levels united by a central atrium with a “totem pole,” from which are suspended models of the different vehicles that have been used to deliver the mail in France. The real things are on display in the galleries: from horse-drawn buggies and a creaky bicycle like the one used by Jacques Tati in Jour de Fête (The Big Day) to today’s electric tricycles for use in cities and drones for delivery to remote locations.

Jean Cocteau’s drawing of Marianne, the symbol of France, for a stamp (1960-61) © Adagp/Comité Cocteau, Paris, 2019 © Musée de La Poste-La Poste/Thierry Débonnaire, 2019
Jean Cocteau’s drawing of Marianne, the symbol of France, for a stamp (1960-61) © Adagp/Comité Cocteau, Paris, 2019 © Musée de La Poste-La Poste/Thierry Débonnaire, 2019

The museum offers quite a lot of detail about the creation of a postage stamp, including letters on the subject, the artist’s original sketches, and the various stages in its development. In 1961, then-Culture Minister André Malraux started commissioning stamp designs from well-known artists rather than just reproducing an existing work (by Matisse or Cézanne, for example). Among those asked to create a stamp were Joan Miró, Pierre Soulages and Arman.

"C 215, Métropolitain" (2011). © Adagp, Paris, 2019 © Musée de La Poste–La Poste, 2019/Thierry Débonnaire
A decorated mailbox. “C 215, Métropolitain” (2011). © Adagp, Paris, 2019 © Musée de La Poste–La Poste, 2019/Thierry Débonnaire

Then there are letterboxes from around the world, all the different French boxes, and boxes decorated by artists, such as Skall’s “Boîtes de Lumière” (1995), two mailboxes dressed in glitter, one red and one gold.

The top floor is devoted to the surprisingly interesting history of the French post office, stretching back to the 15th century. We learn about the life of the workers and the uniforms they wore (from smocks to military-like suits and képis) and the machinery they used and how both evolved over time. A whole section is devoted to the airplanes used to deliver the mail (the post office was instrumental in the development of aviation in France; and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, author of Le Petit Prince, was one of the pioneers of international postal flight).

We learn that the post office was one of the first major employers of women in France, especially during World War I, and les demoiselles de la poste are given their due here in photos and films of their stressful jobs as switchboard operators, for example.  

Believe it or not, the French postal service even has an office employing 60 secretaries to respond to all letters addressed to Santa Claus (1.2 million in 2016). A number of examples are on display, many of them colorfully illustrated. One sad missive is from a seven-year-old girl who has to hide from her babysitter to write her letter asking Santa for an apartment so she and her maman chérie,” who have been deserted by her father, can move out of the hotel they live in and “be happy.” I wonder how the post office responded to that one.

One Parisian particularity that is part of the lore of the city – mentioned often by Marcel Proust and featured in François Truffaut’s Baisers Volés (Stolen Kisses) – is the pneumatic system, which could sometimes deliver a letter, known as a “pneu” or “petit bleu,” in less than an hour through a network of 290 miles of tubes running through the sewer system. It went into service in 1866 and only ceased to operate in 1984, a victim of the fax machine.

This is only a glimpse of the hundreds of treasures on display at the new Musée de la Poste. Plan to spend many hours or, better yet, return often.

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